Ongoing climate warming has manifested as shrinking and thinning of pack ice in the Arctic. This is a primary driver for the increasing shipping, oil and gas explorations and mining activities in the Arctic. However, severe sea ice conditions still exist and in consequence many locations are impossible for ship based operations. Moreover, year-to-year variability of sea ice is very large and hazardous multi-year ice floes sometimes appear also in typically seasonally ice free regions.
In order to response needs of increase polar activities, SPICES is focusing on detection of sea ice extremes an In particular, we aim for:
detection of heavily ridged ice regions from SAR,
detection of MYI floes in a area composed mostly FY from SAR,
detection of most thickest ice from RA thickness profiles,
detection of regionally anomalous thick or thin ice via SMOS data,
detection of sea ice areas vulnerable for the wave action,
detection of early/late melting season and
improving capabilities to forecast seasonal sea ice extremes.